The 2022 Courier Support Survey: industry pressures and employee health

As the courier industry is growing with soaring demand, how is the industry adapting to increased pressure and can more be done to support those working in it?

In the wake of Brexit and with fuel prices reaching record highs, the logistics industry is experiencing unprecedented demand nationwide. According to the Office for National Statistics (ONS), the number of business premises used for transport, logistics and warehousing in the UK has almost doubled in the last decade. A recent report from Mordor Intelligence found that parcel volume recently grew by 33%, year-on-year, reaching 5 billion in 2020, up from 3.8 billion in 2019.

As the UK’s leading return loads platform for self-employed courier professionals, we wanted to discover how those working in the industry are handling the workloads that come with growth – and the added pressure it brings. We asked 287 courier drivers and companies for their insights into everyday pressures, health & safety at work and work-life balance. We also asked businesses about their current priorities as the industry sees surging demand and they navigate through turbulent economic times.

The survey revealed that despite there being various obstacles for couriers and firms, they can be overcome with the right support.

Key findings

How has the courier industry changed in recent years?

Unsurprisingly, as the country confined itself at home, the demand for deliveries surged. Half (51%) of the courier companies who took our survey said they deliver more parcels now than they did prior to Covid-19. According to the ONS, the proportion of UK retail sales taking place on the internet has risen by 51% over the last four years.

At the same time, the industry is coming under pressure from several angles, including staff shortages, government regulatory changes and higher costs. 

As with many industries in recent years, increased demand has affected those working in the sector – half of all courier employees said that pressure caused them excessive stress or had a negative impact on their mental health. Almost two-thirds (61%) of business owners were affected by mental health issues, compared to 46% of self-employed drivers: pressure is having an impact at all levels in the courier industry.

Away from the clear health implications, this has impacted many companies’ bottom line. 57% of courier companies have noticed that higher levels of driver pressure have indirectly impacted company profits. These firms hope that they can help to alleviate some of these strains and see a corresponding uptick in their figures.

Courier businesses feeling the squeeze of rising costs

To understand where support is needed most in the courier industry, we asked drivers and companies which issues were most likely to jeopardise the commercial viability of their businesses/jobs. Unsurprisingly, 90% feared the impact of rising fuel prices, and almost three-quarters (72%) cited increased costs of operating.

Challenges are also posed by government clean air initiatives, according to around a third of respondents. Not only are a growing number of UK cities introducing low emission or clean air zones, but some are also widening these zones and/or charging more to travel through them. The expansion of such initiatives is another rising cost companies are experiencing.

How are industry pressures impacting couriers on the ground?

Our study highlights the increased demands that have been placed on couriers – 85% of couriers state that (over the last two years) they’ve regularly experienced excessive physical demands on the job. Raising awareness of challenging aspects of the job is key to making them – and couriers’ work-life balance – more manageable.

With demand for courier services so high, a quarter of the couriers we surveyed have regularly worked six-day weeks in the last couple of years. If drivers are to take advantage of this rocketing demand, they need greater support. Half (56%) of couriers regularly missed a lunch break and over a third (36%) have slept in their vehicles.

Sometimes, the demands couriers face become unacceptable. Almost 1 in 5 (18%) have been physically or verbally assaulted by a customer, and 7% have even had a customer chase their vehicle.

How can pressure be relieved?

Overwhelmingly, couriers believe that driver pressure could be lessened if customers understood the strain they’re put under. Almost half (47%) of the drivers surveyed thought customers’ perceptions were key, while others saw issues with client expectations, delivery options and mental health support.

Among self-employed drivers, almost two-thirds (63%) said improved legislation for self-employed people would lead to less pressure.

Improving collaboration and understanding between industries is key

Amid continuing supply chain problems in the UK, courier companies are sometimes struggling to meet demand. Some are even reluctant to work with certain industries, who they’ve found put more pressure on their delivery service. The industries couriers identified as putting most pressure on them are:

Logistics is closely entwined with other industries, with supply chain issues affecting every sector when they occur. Enhanced understanding and support between sectors is, therefore, essential in overcoming the economic obstacles and external pressures so many businesses are currently experiencing.

What do self-employed drivers currently see as the biggest risks to health & safety?

Two in five drivers (41%) saw smart motorways and the removal of hard shoulders as a significant danger. While a similar proportion (37%) viewed long journeys with insufficient breaks as a serious problem.

A quarter (27%) believe excessive stress and workplace pressure is a real risk to their wellbeing and, as the survey has highlighted, there are various triggers that cause drivers stress.

Another consideration is time spent alone on the job, which will clearly have a mental health impact. One in five (21%) drivers are concerned about the solitary nature of the role.

Uncovering driver concerns is the first step towards alleviating such stresses. The government can also help by implementing extra safety measures and rest areas for drivers.

How have political and regulatory changes impacted the courier industry?

The courier industry continues to navigate through the political and regulatory impacts of the Brexit transition.

The impact of Brexit

In addition to all the other issues they face, 15% of self-employed drivers said Brexit regulations and associated industry changes regularly put pressure on their operations. One out of 10 drivers even highlighted changing driver regulations as the greatest risk to drivers’ health & safety in 2022.

Some 16% of all drivers and companies said Brexit regulations are threatening the very commercial viability of their work. Also, 9% of couriers say the new EU cabotage rules will put serious pressure on their work, affecting their job security or the future of their company. 

What’s certain is that the vast majority of companies are narrowing their focus to the UK: expanding operations in the EU is a priority for just 5% of them.

How prepared are courier companies for new cabotage rules?

One of the biggest challenges courier companies and drivers face is changing cabotage rules. As of May 2022, even courier drivers taking goods to the EU must have a community licence and fulfil various requirements, meaning more Brexit bureaucracy. According to our survey, 63% believe they’ll be impacted.

Yet almost a quarter (24%) of courier businesses don’t understand the new cabotage rules and aren’t prepared for their implementation. Only 5% of those that understand the rules think they won’t be impacted.

Where are courier companies focusing their efforts?

In an industry that’s developing quickly and increasingly embracing new technology, courier companies are looking to the future and expansion opportunities. Despite the industry growth, there are a section of couriers looking to pivot their business model in response to a shifting market landscape. These are companies’ primary objectives:

Reacting to staffing challenges in the past two years, two-thirds (66%) of businesses have implemented some kind of measure to attract staff. This is how they’ve done it:

Almaz Cleary, sales manager at Courier Exchange, says:

“During Covid-19 lockdowns, delivery drivers were rightly recognised as essential workers, with the country realising just how important they are to modern living. It’s been an incredibly tough two years for them, work-wise, with workloads heavier than ever and Brexit just one of the factors complicating their everyday routines.

“What we’re seeing in this survey is the far-reaching nature of the pressures. However, identifying and understanding them is key to progress being made.

“It’s also great that so many companies are looking to technology as a way to help with everyday stresses. We are committed to building technology that has a pivotal part to play in alleviating supply chain pressures. Digital transformation is how the industry will grow and prosper even further.”

What’s happening?

Drivers moving goods from the UK to the EU, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland will soon need a  ‘standard international goods vehicle operator licence’ to transport goods commercially.

When do the rules begin?

The new rules begin on Saturday 21st May 2022.

Who’s affected?

You’re affected if you 

What’s a ‘maximum authorised mass’?

A maximum authorised mass is the weight of a vehicle or trailer plus the maximum load it can safely carry.

What’s a ‘gross train weight’?

A gross train weight is similar to a maximum authorised mass. It’s the total weight of a tractor unit, plus its trailer, plus the trailer’s maximum safe load.

How do I see affected loads in Courier Exchange?

Just look for a ‘Euro Load’ link on the Quotes screen.

This affects me. How do I comply?

You can either:

How do I apply for a new licence?

You can apply for a new licence here.

How long before my licence is granted?

It can take ​​up to 9 weeks to issue a licence following an application. If you need a licence sooner, you can apply for an interim licence when you apply for a full licence.

(Please note: application success is not guaranteed.)

How much do licences cost?

Licence applications cost £257 and, if successful, licences cost a further £401. A continuation fee of £401 applies every five years thereafter.

Where can I find out more?

You can find out more via the UK government’s website.

In 2022 there will be two lots of changes to road haulage through the EU member states for UK-based hauliers which could affect your business.

The dates for your diary are February 2 and May 21.

Postings Declarations

From February 2, UK operators of HGVs, vans of any size, or cars with trailers traveling within the EU member states, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein for commercial purposes will need to register the journey on an online government website.

The information required to register the journey is:

These Postings Declarations are required for any commercial journey between two points within this area. These journeys can include:

Drivers must also ensure they are carrying certain documents in case the EU authorities should ask for them. These include:

Failure to show these documents could end up with a penalty.

Standard International Goods Vehicle Operator Licence

From May 21 UK-based operators who use vans with an authorised mass between 2.5-3.5 tonnes, and cars or vans with trailers amounting to the same weight are now required to have a standard international goods vehicle operator licence to transport goods for commercial purposes.

This is applicable to journeys within EU member states, as well as Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland.

Current operator licence holders can add these vehicles to their current licences. To do this is free if you haven’t already reached your vehicle limit. It will cost £257 to increase the number of vehicles on your licence if the limit is exceeded.

To apply for a new licence will cost £257 and if successful the licence will be a further £401. Then there is a continuation fee every five years of £401 to keep the licence active.

This does not apply to you if you only use your vehicles within the UK or you are transporting for non-commercial purposes.

Drivers will need to carry a copy of the UK Licence for the Community with them on international journeys.


There will be legal penalties for UK-based drivers not registering their journeys or for not having the correct operator licence. These could include withdrawing the Community Licence or being issued with a fine.

Next Steps

As the first deadline of February 2nd has already passed, you can check the government website to keep abreast of any changes.

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